No. Vivo Y83 Pro does not have the fast charging support but it comes with 5V / 2A power output charger, which charges the phone quick.
Yes, Vivo Y83 Pro comes with the earphone in the box. The other accessories include - power adapter, USB cable, protective case, sim ejector tool and quick start guide.
Yes, Vivo Y83 Pro does have the eye protection mode.
Yes, Vivo Y83 Pro does have the fingerprint scanner.
Vivo Y83 Pro has a scratch resistant display. However, it not confirmed by the brand that if it is Corning Gorilla Glass or some other technology they have used.