Yes, Redmi 6A does have the GPS support.
No. Redmi 6A does not have the removable battery. It has a nonremovable battery.
No. Redmi 6A does not come with the earphone in the box. You have to buy it separately.
The Redmi 6A is a fairly good update to the Redmi 5A, which itself was barely any different compared to the Redmi 4A. You now get a tall screen, better processor, and improved polish overall.