No. Redmi 6A does not have the NFC support.
No. Redmi 6A does not come with the earphone in the box. You have to buy it separately.
No. Redmi 6A supports 5V / 1A power charging.
The Redmi 6A is a fairly good update to the Redmi 5A, which itself was barely any different compared to the Redmi 4A. You now get a tall screen, better processor, and improved polish overall.