Yes, Redmi 6 does have the 18:9 aspect ratio full-screen display.
Redmi 6 comes with 5W charger.
Yes, Redmi 6 does have a dedicated MicroSD card slot.
No. Redmi 6 does not come with the earphone in the box. You need to buy it separately.
If your budget absolutely can’t exceed the Rs. 8,000 mark, go with the Redmi 6 without any concerns whatsoever.