No. Nokia 1 does not have fast charging support.
Yes, Nokia 1 does have Google Maps support. It runs on Android 8.1 Oreo Go edition.
You can record 720p resolution videos from Nokia 1.
Yes, Nokia 1 does have the light sensor.
The Nokia 1 is an inexpensive Android smartphone, and as you can tell from the Nokia 1 review, you very much get what you pay for.